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Everything You Needed To Know About Aicc and Scorm Elearning Standards

March 23, 2022 news banner 203

If you've ever worked in eLearning, you've almost certainly come across eLearning standards like SCORM and AICC. This page will deconstruct each of these acronyms, explaining how they were created and what they accomplish.

There are several eLearning standards, used by E-learning solutions, supported by different eLearning authoring tools and  Learning Management Systems (LMS), and each has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Often, you'll need to decide which standard best supports your and your client's objectives, taking into consideration factors such as the distribution format, if tracking is necessary and to what extent, and how the course will be consumed, among others. As a result, it's critical to grasp the differences between each eLearning standard and which one to use for your eLearning solution.

We've undertaken a comprehensive review of all current eLearning standards, and we're certain that it will assist you in understanding the differences between AICC and SCROM and making an educated decision for your next project. Now, let us examine each of them in further detail.

eLearning standard - AICC

AICC is an eLearning standard that dates all the way back to the early 1990s. The Aviation Industry Computer-Based Training Committee established it in 1988 to standardize the contents and technology used to teach airline employees.

AICC standard communication

The AICC standard communicates between an LMS and course material using the HTTP AICC Communication Protocol (HACP). 

The HACP approach is relatively easy, relying on an HTML form and simple text strings to send and receive data between the LMS and the client.

Justifications for considering AICC

Given AICC's advanced years in terms of technology, it can still perform better than the more recent standards that have been followed? Indeed, there are a few places where AICC retains an advantage:

Security. AICC is a protected protocol and it enables the transmission of highly secure HTTPS data between the content and the LMS.
Versatility of deployment. AICC content may be housed on a different server or domain than the one hosting the LMS, allowing for more highly customizable scenarios.

Our perspective.

AICC is still useful as a barometer of how far eLearning standards have progressed. But if feasible, you can opt for newer, more capable alternatives available.

SCORM (1.2 & 2004).
SCORM, an acronym that stands for Sharable Content Object Reference Model, was introduced in 2000 by the US government's Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) project.

It has since become the de facto standard for eLearning content. Indeed, the standard is a collection of technical standards that were created to solve the shortcomings of its predecessor, AICC.

SCORM defines the communication protocol and data formats that enable the interaction of eLearning course content with an LMS. 

The training materials for a single course are compressed into a SCORM package, archive containing files organized hierarchically. 

To distribute your e-learning courses through an LMS, SCORM relies on three key components:

Packaging of content. This generates a ZIP file containing the course.
Dynamic Run-time. This opens the course in a new window in a web browser.
Sequence analysis. This determines how your learners will explore and move ahead throughout the course.

SCORM 1.2 has become the most widely accepted technical standard for delivering eLearning through an LMS, with widespread support from both authoring tools in the classroom and Learning Management Systems. 

SCORM 1.2 was superseded in favor of SCORM 2004.

Comparing SCORM 1.2 to 2004

There are a few distinctions between the two SCORM versions; they are listed below:

Separation of status 

SCORM 1.2 supports just the following statuses for lessons: passed, failed, finished, unfinished, browsed, and not tried. 
SCORM 2004 classifies lesson status as either 'completed/incomplete' or 'success status' (passed/failed).

Interactions between read and write

SCORM 1.2 enables the author to write just 'interaction data.' 
Since SCORM 2004 defines read/write interactions, lessons may now query the status of previous interaction, get the response, and behave appropriately. As an instance, the user may have given an answer to a question, which he can't answer again.

Sequencing. SCORM 2004 was effective in increasing the author's control over the content via the specification 'sequencing' section. It includes a set of rules that govern how learners access the e-content. They are limited to preset pathways, and you have the option of allowing them to preserve their findings and continue later.

Consider SCORM for the following reasons.

Due to the fact that SCORM is still the de facto industry standard, there are a variety of advantages. If you want to construct a basic, functional eLearning course or have access to a large library of pre-made material, it's difficult to surpass SCORM as a technical standard. Here are a few advantages of using SCORM:

Simple content creation: The majority of SCORM content authoring tools are fairly simple to use. You do not need to be a coding expert to convert a PowerPoint presentation into more of an interactive eLearning course.

Support for sequencing: You may specify how long a student must remain on a particular page or segment before progressing, as well as how much time they must spend on the course overall.

Support for both SCORM versions by authoring tools: Just about all authoring solutions support both SCORM versions.

Support for LMS. Almost all LMS suppliers offer SCORM content, making it reasonably simple to migrate courses from an older system to a new one.

Creating a course catalog is simple. SCORM defines a minimal set of metadata that enables you to create catalogs of material independent of the source, removing the need for you to be linked to a particular authoring tool or content provider.

Content may be mixed and matched. Within a course, you may combine information from several sources; for instance, eLearning generated in one authoring tool can be combined with other SCORM modules produced in other tools.

Consistent archive management. Archive obsolete material using the industry-standard, well-documented ZIP format.

Conclusion: You must have got a fair idea about the two E-learning standards AICC and SCROM. If you're trying to find an E-learning partner who could help you to create an E-learning solution and to embed these e-learning standards, then you can get in touch with VK Creative Learning. To know more, click here.

March 23, 2022